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是什么成就了稀土这张王牌

来源:网络整理 编辑:深圳 时间:2019-06-06

XITUFEITU

浙江风采网  ZAIHUAXUEYUANSUZHOUQIBIAOZHONG,XITUZHIDESHILANXIYUANSUHEKANG、YIGONG17ZHONGJINSHUYUANSUDEZONGCHENG。

  ZUOWEIBUKEZAISHENGDEXIQUEXINGZHANLVEZIYUAN,TAYOU“GONGYEWEISHENGSU”“XINCAILIAOZHIMU”ZHICHENG,GUANGFANYINGYONGYUJIANDUANKEJILINGYUHEJUNGONGLINGYU。

  ZAILIANGANGGUOCHENGZHONG,JINXUZAIGANGZHONGJIARUSHAOLIANGXITU,JIUNENGSHIYUANBENYOUZHIDEGANGBIANDEGENGJIA“JIANQIANG”,TIGAOQISHIYONGSHOUMING。

  ZAIJUNSHILINGYU,XITUNENGGOUDAFUDUTIGAOWUQIZHUANGBEIDEHEJINZHANSHUXINGNENG,RUHAIWANZHANZHENGZHONG,JIARUXITUYUANSULANDEYESHIYICHENGWEILEMEIJUNTANKEYADAOXINGYOUSHIDELAIYUAN。

浙江风采网  ZAIHENENGLINGYU,XITUYUANSUGAJIQITONGWEISUDOUSHIZUIYOUXIAODEZHONGZIXISHOUJI,KEYONGZUOKONGZHIHEDIANZHANDELIANSUOFANYINGJIBIEDEYIZHIJI,CHENGWEIHEFANYINGDUIDE“ANQUANBAOHUSHEN”……

  XIANSHIZHONG,XIAODAOSHOUJIPINGMU、SHUMAXIANGJI,DADAODAODAN、LEIDA、QIANTING,XITUWUCHUBUZAI。ZUOWEIBUKEZAISHENGDEXIQUEXINGZHANLVEZIYUAN,TAYOU“GONGYEWEISHENGSU”“XINCAILIAOZHIMU”ZHICHENG,GUANGFANYINGYONGYUJIANDUANKEJILINGYUHEJUNGONGLINGYU。NEIME,XITUSHIRUHEBEIFAXIAN?YOUSHIRUHEKAIQIXINYONGTUFAXIANZHILV?KEJIRIBAOJIZHEJIUZHEIXIEWENTICAIFANGLEXITUFENLIJISHUFANGMIANDEZHUANJIA。

  四个“世界第一” 我国可供应全部稀土元素

  RENMENCHANGBABURONGYUSHUIDEGUTIYANGHUAWUCHENGWEITU,LIRU,JIANGYANGHUALVCHENGWEI“TAOTU”,YANGHUAGAICHENGWEI“JIANTU”DENG。SHISHISHANG,XITUSHILAN、KANG、YIDENG17ZHONGJINSHUYUANSUDEZONGCHENG。YINWEIDANGSHIYELIANTICHUNNANDUJIAODA,YONGYUTIQUZHEILEIYUANSUDEKUANGWUBIJIAOXISHAO,ERQIEHUODEDEYANGHUAWUNANYIRONGHUA,YENANYIRONGYUSHUI,YEHENNANFENLI,QIEWAIGUANKUSI“TURANG”,ERCHENGZHIWEIXITU,ZHEIYIMINGCHENGCONG18SHIJIYANYONGZHIJIN。

浙江风采网  XITU“DAJIAZU”YOUQINGXITUHEZHONGZHONGXITUZHIFEN。LAN、SHI、PU、NV、PO、SHAN、YOUWEIQINGXITUYUANSU,YICHENGSHIZUXITUYUANSU;KANG、GA、TE、DI、HUO、ER、DIU、YI、LUHEYIWEIZHONGZHONGXITUYUANSU,YICHENGYIZUXITUYUANSU。LIANGZHEDEYUANSUYUANZIDIANZICENGJIEGOUHEWULIHUAXUEXINGZHI,YIJITAMENZAIKUANGWUZHONGGONGSHENGQINGKUANGHELIZIBANJINGJIEBUTONG。

  ZAIYINGYONGSHANG,QINGXITUYEBEIYENEIRENSHICHENGWEI“JIAXITU”,SUIRANCUNLIANGDA、YINGYONGGUANG,DANJIAZHIXIANGDUIDILIAN;ERZHONGXITUZIYUANXIQUE,KEYONGYUHANGTIAN、JUNSHI、GUOFANGJIXINCAILIAOHECHENGDENGGAOKEJILINGYU,JIAGEANGGUI,KETIDAIXINGXIAO。

  JUSHANGSHUZHUANJIAJIESHAO,XITUYUANSUZAIDIQIAOZHONGFENBUSHIFENGUANGFAN,DANSHIQUEHENBUJUNYUN,QIZHONGXITUCHULIANGJIAODUODE,YAZHOUYOUZHONGGUO、YINDU,BEIMEIYOUMEIGUO、JIANADA,HAIYOUELUOSI、AODALIYA、NANFEI、AIJIDENGJIGEGUOJIA。WOGUOXITUKUANGZANGFENGFU,XIONGJUZHESIGESHIJIEDIYI:ZIYUANCHULIANGDIYI,ZHAN23%ZUOYOU; CHANLIANGDIYI,ZHANSHIJIEXITUSHANGPINLIANGDE80%ZHI90%;XIAOSHOULIANGDIYI,60%ZHI70%DEXITUCHANPINCHUKOUDAOGUOWAI;YINGYONGDIYI,DABUFENDEXITUZAIGONGGUONEISHIYONG。

  BUJINRUCI,WOGUONANFANGDELIZIXINGKUANGZHONGYOUQUANQIU70%YISHANGDEZHONGXITUZIYUAN,ZHUYAOFENBUYUWOGUOJIANGXI、GUANGDONG、FUJIAN、GUANGXIDENGSHENGFEN,QIZHONGXITUGAODA30%—80%,SHIJUYOUJUEDUIJINGZHENGYOUSHIDEZHANLVEZIYUAN。ZHONGGUOHAISHIMUQIANQUANQIUWEIYIKEYIGONGYINGQUANBUXITUYUANSUDEGUOJIA。

  充满历史性误会 “孪生兄弟”被当成“一个人”

浙江风采网  XITUYUANSUSHIZAI1794NIAN,YOUFENLANHUAXUEJIAJIADUOLINCONGWEIZHIDEKUANGHUAWUFAXIANDE,JICONGGUIPIYIKUANGZHONGFAXIANLE“YITU”(YANGHUAYI)。CONG1794NIANFAXIANYITUKAISHI,DAO1947NIANZUIHOUYIGEXITUYUANSUPOBEITIQUCHULAI,QIANHOUGONGJINGLILE150DUONIAN,QIJIANCHONGMANLEZHUDUOLISHIXINGDEWUHUI。

  SHANGSHUZHUANJIAJIESHAODAO,SHISHISHANG,XITUYUANSUZUICHUBEIFAXIANSHIZHEIYANGBEIMIAOSHUDE:XITUDEFAXIANSHIYUBEIOU,1787NIANYEYUKUANGWUXUEJIAALEINIWUSIZAISIDEGEERMOFUJINYIGEMINGJIAOYITEBI(Yteerby)DEXIAOCUNXUNDELEYIKUAITACONGWEIJIANGUODEHEISEKUANGSHI,JIUJIEYONGZHEIGECUNMINGJIANGQIMINGMINGWEIYteerite。1794NIANJIADUOLINSHENGCHENGCONGZHEIZHONGKUANGWUZHONGFAXIANLEYIZHONGXINYUANSU“YITU”,JIANGQIMINGMINGWEIYteelium(YI)。

  RENMENJIUBAZHEIYINIANKANZUOSHIFAXIANLEDIYIGEXITUYUANSU“YI”DENIANDAI。QISHI,ZHEISHIYIZHONGWUHUI。YINWEI,JIADUOLINDANGCHUFAXIANDE“YITU”BINGBUSHIYIZHONGXITUYUANSU,ERZHINENGSHUOSHI“YIZUXITU”HUNHEYANGHUAWU。HOULAIDEKEXUEJIA,YOUCONGZHEIZHONG“YITU”ZHONGXIANGJIFAXIANLEYI、ER、TEDENGZHONGXITUYUANSU。YUANLAISHIDANGCHUDEHUAXUEJIAMENBAZHEIJIGE“LUANSHENGXIONGDI”DOUDANGCHENG“YIGEREN”LE。TONGYANGDEWUHUIYEFASHENGZAIQINGXITUSHENSHANG。

浙江风采网  ZAIZHONGGUO,ZUIZAODEXITUKUANGFAXIANYU1934NIAN,FAXIANRENSHIHEZUOLINJIAOSHOU。ZHIHOU,ZHONGGUODIZHIKEXUEGONGZUOZHEBUDUANTANSUOHEZONGJIEZHONGGUODIZHIGOUZAOYANHUA、FAZHANDETEDIAN,YUNYONGHECHUANGLIXINDECHENGKUANGLILUN,ZAIQUANGUOFANWEINEIFAXIANBINGTANMINGLEYIPIZHONGYAOXITUKUANGCHUANG,BINGZONGJIECHUZHONGGUOXITUZIYUANJUYOUCHENGKUANGTIAOJIANHAO、FENBUMIANGUANG、BEIQINGNANZHONG、YOUJIAYUANSUHANLIANGGAO、ZONGHELIYONGJIAZHIDADENGZUIJIBENDETEDIAN。

浙江风采网  XITUYUANSUZHONGYOU15GE“CHENGYUAN”YUANZIYIGEPANGDADE“JIAZU”——LANXIYUANSU,TAMENSHIYUANSUZHOUQIBIAOZHONGDI57HAOYUANSULANDAO71HAOYUANSULU15ZHONGYUANSUDETONGCHENG。

浙江风采网  ZAIWULIXINGZHISHANG,LANXIJINSHUWEIYINBAISE,JIAORUAN,YOUYANZHANXING。HUOPOXINGJIAOQIANG,JINCIYUJIANJINSHUHEJIANTUJINSHU,XUYAOGEJUEKONGQIBAOCUN。TONGSHILANXIJINSHUSHIQIANGHAIYUANJI,QIHAIYUANNENGLIJINCIYUJINSHUMEI(Mg),QIFANYINGXINGKEYULVXIANGBI。SUIZHEYUANZIXUSHUDEZENGJIA,HAIYUANNENGLICHENGZHUJIANJIANRUODEQUSHI,QIDIANZIZHUJIANPAIBUZAINEICENG4fGUIDAO,WAICENGDIANZIPAIBUJIBENXIANGTONG,YINCIZHEIXIE“CHENGYUAN”DEHUAXUEXINGZHIBIJIAOXIANGSI。

  个个身手不凡 开启现代应用发现之旅

浙江风采网  YOUYUGEZHONGXITUYUANSUDEXINGZHIJIQIXIANGSI,YOUDUOYIYANGHUAWUHUNHEWUDEXINGSHICUNZAIYUGEZHONGFUZADEKUANGWUZHONG,YINCIXITUYUANSUDEFENLIHETICHUNSHIYIXIANGJIQIKUNNANDEGONGZUO。ZHIDAO1947NIAN,MEIGUOKEXUEJIAFAMINGLEYONGLIZIJIAOHUANFAFENLIXITU,BINGYOUZHUMINGXUEZHESIPEIDINGGAIJINLELIZIJIAOHUANFAGONGYI,ZHIBEICHUGONGJINJIDECHUNJINGDANYIXITU,WEIYANJIUGEZHONGDANYIXITUDEBENZHENGTEXINGHEKAIFAXITUDEYONGTUCHUANGZAOLEJIBENDETIAOJIAN。RENMENZHUBUDUIXITUFENGFUDEGUANG、DIAN、CIHEHEXINGZHIYOUSUORENSHI,WEIGEZHONGXITUGONGNENGXINCAILIAOHEXINQIJIANDEYANZHIHEYINGYONGDIANDINGLEJICHU。

浙江风采网  XINXI、SHENGWU、XINCAILIAO、XINNENGYUAN、KONGJIANHEHAIYANGBEIDANGDAIKEXUEJIATUIWEILIUDAXINKEJIQUN,RENMENZHISUOYIZHONGSHIXITU、YANJIUXITU、KAIFAXITU,JIUSHIYINWEIXITUMEIGECHENGYUANJUNYOUTEXING,GEGESHENSHOUBUFAN,ZAIGAOJINGJIANDUANKEJILINGYUGEXIANSHENTONG。MUQIAN,YOUXITUYUANSUSHENGCHANDEXITUYONGCI、FAGUANG、CHUQING、CUIHUADENGGONGNENGCAILIAOYISHIXIANJINZHUANGBEIZHIZAOYE、XINNENGYUANDENGGAOXINJISHUCHANYEBUKEQUESHAODEYUANCAILIAO,HAIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUDIANZI、SHIYOUHUAGONG、ZHIJIN、JIXIE、XINNENGYUAN、QINGGONG、HUANJINGBAOHU、NONGYEDENG。

  RULANNENGGOUYINGYONGDAOZHIBEIXUDUOYOUJIHUAGONGCHANPINDECUIHUAJIZHONGYIJIGUANGZHUANHUANNONGYONGBOMO,ZAIGUOWAI,KEXUEJIABALANDUIZUOWUDEZUOYONGFUYU“CHAOJIGAI”DEMEICHENG;SHIDEHEJINNAIGAORE,KEYIYONGLAIZHIZAOPENQISHITUIJINQILINGJIAN,ZUOWEIBOLITIANJIAJI,NENGXISHOUZIWAIXIANYUHONGWAIXIAN,HAIBEIYONGZUOYOULIANGDEHUANBAOCAILIAO,YINGYONGDAOQICHEWEIQIJINGHUACUIHUAJIZHONG,KEYOUXIAOFANGZHIDALIANGQICHEFEIQIPAIDAOKONGQIZHONG。

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